"Capitulation of Chitradurga" (1927) by Dr S. Srikanta Sastri
Quarterly Journal of
The Mythic Society,
1927, Vol 18-2
"Capitulation of Chitradurga"
Dr S. Srikanta Sastri
Page 1 of 10
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Painting of North View of Chitaldurg (Chitradurga) by Lt. Rowley Engineer (1803)
Capitulation of Chitradurga
Dr S. Srikanta Sastri
(Published in Quarterly Journal of The Mythic Society, 1927)
The formidable fort of Chitradurga had been in the hands of Beydar Paleygars – the Medakere Nayaks – from the time of final disruption of the Hindu Empire of Vijayanagara. The successors of Rama Raya held a nominal suzerainty over the domains while the Nayaks and Paleygars held the real power all over the country. To mention a few – Nayaks of Madura, Medakere Nayaks of Chitradurg, Wodeyars of Mysore, Paleygars of Harappanahalli, Belur, Keladi, Ikkeri, Sante Bennur, Bellary, Chennapatna, Chikkamagalur, Devanahalli, Tarikere, Magadi, etc. Many of them claimed to be viceroys of the Vijayanagara Emperor. Thus Chitra Nayaka- Founder of Chitradurga – was authorized to build the fort by Krishna Deva Raya, while the Keladi Chiefs came into prominence under the same ruler and his younger brother Achyuta Raya. Raja Wodeyar of Mysore had allhis conquests confirmed by Venkatapati Raya at Chandragiri. Though for all practical purposes these chiefs were independent, yet they owed a nominal allegiance to the defunct Empire of Vijayanagara.
Chitradurga – called also Chintankal and Chinmaladri – had been of strategic importance from the days of the Hoysalas. In Vijayanagara times it was the seat of a viceroyalty and a special mint to coin Durgi pagodas – so called after the Durga – had been established. The Nayaks were always at war with the neighbouring chiefs especially those of Keladi and Harapanahalli. I hope to deal with the relationships of these chiefs which fill an important blank in the history of Mysore before the advent of Hyder and the English.
Vijayanagar had left in its wake those powerful baronages which carried on family – feuds from generation with increasing bitterness and animosity till the dominance of the Rajas of Mysore and above all the conquest –lust of that remarkable historical patronage Hyder put an end to all of them – a process which had its completion by the advent of the English.
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Entrance to Chitradurga Fort