OFFICIAL WEBSITE OF DR S. SRIKANTA SASTRI, M.A., D. Litt (1904-1974)

Dr. S. Srikanta Sastri

 

 

 

 

Featured

 

 

Welcome to the Official Website of Dr. S. Srikanta Sastri, M. A., D. Litt (1904 - 1974) Library of Congress Catalogue Bodleian Library Catalogue Cambridge University Library Catalogue Press clippings of Dr S.Srikanta Sastri Harvard University Catalogue University of Chicago Library Catalogue

 

 

Featured

Dr S. Srikanta Sastri  (Courtesy - K. G. Somashekhar) Dr S. Srikanta Sastri Facebook Page S. Srikanta Sastri Twitter Page S. Srikanta Sastri Blog H. S. K. - a brief biography Pandit Venkatakrishna Sharma - a brief biography

Articles: "Indian Music" by Dr S.Srikanta Sastri

Souvenir in honour of the visit to Mysore of

the Soviet Cultural Delegation, February 1954 (Edited by A.N.Krishna Rao)

"Tanpura"

Indian Musical Instrument

related links >>>

Download full text of

"Indian Music" by

Dr S.Srikanta Sastri in pdf

Tanpura

To read the entire text please click on the centre of the box below

Page 1 of 3

Indian Music

 

By S.SRIKANTA SASTRI, M.A., D.Litt

 

Souvenir in honour of the visit to Mysore of the Soviet Cultural Delegation, February 1954 (Edited by A.N.Krishna Rao)

 

 

Indian music has a great and immemorial tradition, going back to the prehistoric period of the Vedas which were perhaps the earliest records of mankind to be put into a metrical form. It is therefore no wonder that the whole subsequent development of Indian music was dominated by a religious spirit, in spite of political and economic vicissitudes. Indian tradition asserts that the evolution of the musical scale can be traced through the three tones of the Rg Veda (Ni-Sa-Ri or B-C-D) and the four tones of the Yajur Veda to the penta-tonic scale in a descending order of the Sama Veda in its original form. Further developments through the six and seven tones took place in the later elaboration of the Sama scale adapted to the Indian lute or the Vina (Veene) and Indian musicology was systematised by Bharata in early centuries of the Christian era.

 

India is the country from which many ancient civilisations derived their music. The Sumerian “Bin” was derived from the Indian Vina. Strabo says that the Greek and Persian systems were influenced by India. The Greek musical instruments Kinyra, Kithara, Nabla and Kratala were derived from the Indian Kinnari, Chitra, Nakula and Karatala. A type of accompaniment in ancient Greece called Magadi singing was derived from the Magadhi song. The Syrians called their sacred hymns Sugita (the good song in Samkrt). The Chinese pentatonic scale and its later developments were due to the influence of Indian culture. In Europe the Gregorian chant and polyphony were derived from the Indian system and the Guido de Arezzo adapted the method of the Sama Veda for memorising notes on the lines of fingers. Relics of polyphony are even now to be found in Java and Bali which have developed an orchestration for Indian music and dance.

Google-Docs-Logo Page 1 Copyright Free - Public Domain