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"The Two Bhagavatas" (1933) by S. Srikanta Sastri



Copyright Free - Public Domain

Published in Annals of

The Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute, Pune - Vol XIV, Parts III-IV, 1933


"The Two Bhagavatas" 




S. Srikanta Sastri

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Bhagavata Mahapurana

(from Bodleian Library, Oxford)


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                          The Two Bhagavatas



                                              S. Srikanta Sastri

              (Published in Annals of The Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute, 1926)



It is well known that of the two Puranas - Devi Bhagavata and Sri Bhagavata, the Saktas and Vaisnavas claim that their own sectarian work is the real Mahapurana composed by Vyasa and the other is a mere Upapurana. In his introduction to the Devi-Bhagavata, Nilakantha asserts that the authority of the Matsya and Saiva Puranas is in favour of the priority of Devi Bhagavata. He quotes the following verses in support.


Bhagavatyas ca Durgayas caritam yatra vidyate |

Tattu Bhagvatam proktam na tu Devipuranakam ||

                                                     (Saive-Madhyesyara mahatmye)


Here Devipuranaka means the Upapurana Kalika Purana.

yadidam Kalikakhyam tanmulam Bhagavatam smrtam



The chief characteristics of Bhagavata are these enumerated in the Matsya:-                                                                      

"The Two Bhagavatas" (1933) by Dr S. Srikanta Sastri

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Bhagavata Purana (Zurich) Bhagavat Purana (Bodleian Library)

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Bhagavata Mahapurana

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"The Two Bhagavatas" (1933) by Dr S. Srikanta Sastri "The Two Bhagavatas" (1933) by Dr S. Srikanta Sastri