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"Sri Shankara in Cambodia..?" (1942) by S. Srikanta Sastri
Published in The Indian Historical Quarterly,
Vol. XVIII, 1942)
"Sri Shankara in Cambodia..?"
S. Srikanta Sastri
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Sri Shankara in Cambodia...?
S. Srikanta Sastri
(Published in The Indian Historical Quarterly, Vol. XVIII, 1942)
Dr. R. C. Majumdar in the Indian Review (February, 1940) and Mr K. A. Nilakanta Sastri in the Journal of Oriental research (Vol. XI, pts. 3 – 4) have expressed the view that on the authority of a Kambuja inscription mentioning the installation of the god Bhadresvara by Siva Soma, we must assign Shankara to about 800 A. D., because Siva Soma, in the 39th verse of the inscription, is said to have learnt the Sastras from Bhagavat Shankara himself (Bhagavat Samkarahvayat). Siva Soma was the grandson of Jayendradhipativarman, the maternal uncle of Jayavarman II of Kambuja, and the guru of Indravarman I (878 - 887 A. D.).
The inference that this Bhagavat Shankara is no other than Adi Shankara seems to be unwarranted. I have shown elsewhere(1) that Shankara lived towards the close of the sixth and in the beginning of the seventh century, as the contemporary of a number of Jaina, Bauddha, Naiyayika, Vaisesika, Mimamsaka, Vaiyakarana authors and in any case cannot be later than Santiraksita and Bhavabhuti (C. 720 A. D.). We should therefore be very careful before making a sweeping assertion assigning Shankara to a date a century later.
22 Vide Raya-vaghini, a semi-historical work in Bengali by Bidhu Bhusana Bhattacharyya, p. 159. The Anadimangada has been published by the Vangiya Sahitya Parisad, Calcutta. We have attempted to give a short history of the Bhursut family in the Sahitya Parisat Patrika, vol. 48, No. 4, pp. 189 – 200.
(1) The Age of Shankara. VII Oriental Conference, Mysore; Sources of Karnataka History, Vol I, University of Mysore; Advaitacaryas of 12th and 13th Centuries, Winternitz Commemoration Volume, Indian Historical Quarterly, 1938; Q.J.M.S., April, 1930. Annals, Bhandarkar Oriental Institute, Vol 12, 1931.
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